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Psychologist Zlatko Delic says that migrations from a place of birth to a new place of living motivate incomers to be “stronger” than domicile population, noting that this happens because the majority must start anew. Article by Bojan RECEVIC


BANJALUKA, May 21 /SRNA/ - The departure from a place of birth, regardless of reasons, influences the mental health, says psychologist Zlatko Delic, commenting on results of the latest population census, according to which of 1,170,342 residents of Srpska, only 412,703, or every third resident, live in their place of birth.

Delic told SRNA that the departure from a place of birth causes aggressiveness, rage, emphasised suspiciousness and depression, which is the consequence of the so-called cultural shock, which is something every migrant goes through.

He stresses that the said symptoms are much more pronounced in case of forced migrations due to wars, natural disasters, and with poorly educated and destitute migrants.

“On the other hand, they are less pronounced in the natural process of migration, the search for job opportunities or a better life,” Delic says.

He says that the majority of migrants, regardless of the cause of migrations, very quickly integrate with the society and become respected members of the society, while only a few of them remain on the margin of a society.

Delic says that a migration from a place of birth to a new place of living motivates incomers to be readier and “stronger” than domicile population, noting that this happens because the majority of them must start anew.

“This is what motivates incomers to be more aggressive in a positive sense, more piercing and more inventive. For example, they work on jobs which the domicile population avoids doing.

“Many become successful in politics, arts and crafts, often thanks to a well-organised ‘support network’ of their fellow citizens who earlier settled in that place. This is where we come to stories of Montenegrins in Belgrade, Glamoc residents and Drvar residents in Banjaluka…,” Delic says.

As an example that artificial, rooted and dangerous dichotomy is out of place, he notes the example of Duke Svetislav Tisa Milosavljevic.

Thanks to the fact that King Alexander Karadjordjevic appointed him as the regent of the Vrbas Banat, this man, who was born in Nis, made a modern European city of the underdeveloped, small town of Banjaluka.

Commenting on the fact that only every third resident of Srpska lives in their place of residence, demographer Stevo Pasalic says that these are internal migrations and that more than one million people were displaced within BiH during the past war.

“Ethnic and territorial homogenisation was an aim, so all municipalities changed their pre-war population. This is why we now have much less domicile population than incomers in some municipality or a town,” Pasalic told SRNA.

He says that internal migrations happen also because people migrate to more developed centres in search for jobs, adding that these are economic migrations which will happen in the future as well.

“Small towns and villages do not have good infrastructure, which creates an uneven distribution of population and an uneven development, and this is something we also are faced with,” Pasalic says.

Sociologists claim that economic migrants, in most cases, bring something new and positive to new places, and both they and their new places of living benefit from it.

According to results of the 2013 population census in Republika Srpska, published by the Republika Srpska Bureau of Statistics, the number of incomers is smaller than domicile population only in Knezevo, Ljubinje and Ostra Luka.

The greatest number of incomers is in Banjaluka, where there are only 70,798 people who have lived in Banjaluka since birth. Demographers claim that this is one of the reasons why this city has a good demographic picture.

There are 70,000 new residents in Bijeljina and 57,480 in Prijedor. /end/sg